Interference of 1:1 and 2:1 layered phyllosilicates as excipients with ranitidine

Zhaohui Li, Nicole M. Fitzgerald, Zachary Albert, Wei Teh Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


As natural ingredients and excipients, kaolinite and talc were frequently studied for their interactions with drugs in pharmaceutical formulations. In this study, the uptake of ranitidine (RT) on these two minerals was studied under different physic-chemical conditions and the mechanism of RT uptake on these two minerals contrasted. Although the thermodynamic and kinetic RT uptake on these two minerals was similar and the RT uptake on both minerals were limited to the external surfaces only, drastic difference in RT uptake was found under different equilibrium solution pH and ionic strength conditions. As cation exchange process was strongly affected by solution pH and ionic strength, the RT uptake on kaolinite was dominated by cation exchange and electrostatic interactions, while the RT uptake on talc was more controlled by inter- and intra- molecular hydrogen bonding interactions. For kaolinite, the limiting factor for RT uptake was the specific surface area due to monolayer RT adsorption. In contract, multilayer RT uptake was found on talc surfaces. No matter which mechanism dominated RT uptake on these minerals, the interaction should not be neglected in pharmaceutical formulations should these minerals be used as additives and/or excipients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-73
Number of pages7
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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