Interleukin-33 has the protective effect on oligodendrocytes against impairment induced by cuprizone intoxication

Hui Ting Huang, Shun Fen Tzeng

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Our prior investigations have demonstrated the pivotal role of IL-33 in facilitating the maturation of oligodendrocytes (OLs), prompting our interest in exploring its potential therapeutic effects. In this study, our focus was directed towards deciphering the functions of interleukin-33 (IL-33) in established demyelinating mouse model induced by the feeding of cuprizone (CPZ)-containing diet. We observed the reduction in corpus callosal adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)+ OLs with IL-33 expression in mice subjected to CPZ feeding for durations of 6 and 8 weeks. In parallel, the levels of IL-33 in the corpus callosum declined after CPZ-containing diet. Furthermore, we conducted experiments utilizing primary oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) and mature OLs, which were exposed to CPZ. A decrease in the expression of myelin basic protein (MBP) was evident in the cultures of mature OLs after treatment with CPZ. Additionally, both IL-33 mRNA and protein levels exhibited downregulation. To counteract the diminished IL-33 levels induced by CPZ, we employed a lentiviral vector to overexpress IL-33 in OLs. Intriguingly, the overexpression of IL-33 (IL33OE) in OLs resulted in a more distinct membranous morphology following CPZ treatment when compared to that observed in OL Mock cultures. Moreover, MBP protein levels in the presence of CPZ were higher in IL33OE OLs than that detected in OL Mock cultures. These findings collectively indicate that IL-33 possesses the capability to mitigate CPZ-induced damage and bolster OL homeostasis. In summary, our study underscores the importance of IL-33 in the context of demyelinating diseases, shedding light on its potential therapeutic implications for fostering remyelination and preserving OL function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105645
JournalNeurochemistry International
Volume172
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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