We investigated the relationship between [Ca2+]i, myosin light chain (LC20) phosphorylation and isometric force in guinea pig aortic strips during contractions activated by a thromboxane A2 analogue, (15S)-hydroxy-11 α,9α- (epoxymethano)prosta-5Z, 13E-dienoic acid (U46619). Isometric force and [Ca2+]i were measured simultaneously using preloaded aequorin as the intracellular calcium indicator. LC20 phosphorylation levels were determined by two dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in parallel preparations. Contractions induced by U46619 were accompanied by increases in [Ca2+]i and LC20 phosphorylation. The chelation of extracellular calcium with 2.5 mM EGTA significantly inhibited U46619-induced increases in [Ca2+]i, isometric force and LC20 phosphorylation. Steady-state force assumed a similar dependence on LC20 phosphorylation for contractions stimulated by potassium depolarization, α1-adrenergic agonist phenylephrine and U46619 either in the presence or absence of extracellular calcium. On the contrary, the [Ca2+]i /force relation revealed that both U46619 and phenylephrine stimulated greater isometric force at lower [Ca2+]i that did KCl depolarization. The addition of a protein kinase C inhibitor, 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl) -2-methylpiperazine (H-7), decreases force without significantly affecting either [Ca2+]i or LC20 phosphorylation levels. These results suggest that in guinea pig aortic smooth muscle U46619 increases the calcium sensitivity of the contractile apparatus but does not change the LC20 phosphorylation/force relation in comparison to K+ depolarization. Protein kinase C is activated during U46619-stimulated contraction and might be involved in mechanisms other than LC20 phosphorylation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)