There is still debate on the necessity of Salter osteotomy for developmental dysplasia of hip (DDH) between 12 and 18 months of age. The goals of this study were to investigate the correlating factors of intraoperative instability as a guide to the additional Salter osteotomy and to evaluate the radiographic and clinical results. Stability could not be achieved in 63% of 84 hips with soft-tissue releases alone. The existence of three pathologic findings (grade of dislocation, inverted labrum, and excessive anteversion) and absence of two surgical procedures (transverse acetabular ligament incision and iliopsoas osteotomy) significantly correlates with instability. At follow-up, the acetabular remodeling with or without Salter osteotomy was similar. We conclude that the Salter osteotomy does not interfere with the acetabular remodeling and has no major disadvantages for children at that age but can help to improve the stability of the hip.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine