Intrathecal amantadine for prolonged spinal blockade of sensory and motor functions in rats

Jann Inn Tzeng, Chung-Dann Kan, Jieh-Neng Wang, Jhi Joung Wang, Heng Teng Lin, Ching-Hsia Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We aimed to compare the hypothesized local anesthetic action of amantadine (1-adamantanamine) with that of the known local anesthetic mepivacaine. Motor, proprioceptive, and nociceptive functions were evaluated in rats after intrathecal administration. Amantadine elicited spinal anesthesia in a dose-related fashion and produced a better sensory-selective action over motor blockade (P < 0.01). On the 50% effective dose (ED50) basis, the rank of potency on spinal motor, proprioceptive, and nociceptive block was mepivacaine > amantadine (P < 0.01 for the differences). Amantadine (63.5 μmol/kg) and mepivacaine (7.1 μmol/kg) produced complete spinal block of motor function, proprioception, and nociception. On an equipotent basis (ED25, ED50, and ED75), the duration of amantadine was longer (P < 0.01) than that of mepivacaine on spinal motor, proprioceptive, and nociceptive block. Our preclinical data demonstrated that amantadine was less potent than mepivacaine at producing spinal anesthesia. The spinal block duration produced by amantadine was greater than that produced by mepivacaine. Both amantadine and mepivacaine produced a markedly nociceptive-specific blockade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-363
Number of pages7
JournalFundamental and Clinical Pharmacology
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Amantadine
Mepivacaine
Spinal Anesthesia
Local Anesthetics
Proprioception
Nociception

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "We aimed to compare the hypothesized local anesthetic action of amantadine (1-adamantanamine) with that of the known local anesthetic mepivacaine. Motor, proprioceptive, and nociceptive functions were evaluated in rats after intrathecal administration. Amantadine elicited spinal anesthesia in a dose-related fashion and produced a better sensory-selective action over motor blockade (P < 0.01). On the 50{\%} effective dose (ED50) basis, the rank of potency on spinal motor, proprioceptive, and nociceptive block was mepivacaine > amantadine (P < 0.01 for the differences). Amantadine (63.5 μmol/kg) and mepivacaine (7.1 μmol/kg) produced complete spinal block of motor function, proprioception, and nociception. On an equipotent basis (ED25, ED50, and ED75), the duration of amantadine was longer (P < 0.01) than that of mepivacaine on spinal motor, proprioceptive, and nociceptive block. Our preclinical data demonstrated that amantadine was less potent than mepivacaine at producing spinal anesthesia. The spinal block duration produced by amantadine was greater than that produced by mepivacaine. Both amantadine and mepivacaine produced a markedly nociceptive-specific blockade.",
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Intrathecal amantadine for prolonged spinal blockade of sensory and motor functions in rats. / Tzeng, Jann Inn; Kan, Chung-Dann; Wang, Jieh-Neng; Wang, Jhi Joung; Lin, Heng Teng; Hung, Ching-Hsia.

In: Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology, Vol. 30, No. 4, 01.08.2016, p. 357-363.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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