Intrathecal pramipexole and selegiline for sensory and motor block in rats

Chun Chang Yeh, Chong Chi Chiu, Jhi Joung Wang, An Kuo Chou, Yu Wen Chen, Guan Cheng Zhu, Ching Hsia Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The purpose of the study was to investigate spinal sensory and motor block by antiparkinsonian drugs (pramipexole and selegiline), and the combination of pramipexole and the local anesthetic lidocaine. Methods: Using a technique of spinal blockade in rats, the effects of pramipexole, selegiline, and coadministration of pramipexole and lidocaine on spinal blockades of motor and sensory function were investigated. Results: Under a concentration of 100 mM, pramipexole displayed more potent and had a longer duration of nociceptive, proprioceptive, and motor block than selegiline, whereas pramipexole and selegiline were less potent in comparison to lidocaine. Pramipexole produced spinal nociceptive, proprioceptive, and motor blocks in a dose-related manner. On the ED50 (50% effective dose) basis, the rank-order potency on nociceptive, proprioceptive, and motor block was pramipexole < lidocaine. The spinal block duration of pramipexole was greater than lidocaine at every equipotent dose tested (ED25, ED50, and ED75). Coadministration of lidocaine (ED50 or ED95) with pramipexole (4.5 μmol/kg) improved the effect (efficacy) and duration of the spinal block. Conclusions: Pramipexole and selegiline were less potent than lidocaine to block sensory and motor responses. The duration of the spinal anesthetic effect of pramipexole was longer than lidocaine. At a non-effective dose, pramipexole increased the duration of efficacy of lidocaine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)470-480
Number of pages11
JournalPharmacological Reports
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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