Invasive measurements of pulse wave velocity correlate with the degree of aortic valve calcification and severity associated with matrix metalloproteinases in elderly patients with aortic valve stenosis

Ping-Yen Liu, Wei-Chuan Tsai, Chih-Chan Lin, Chin-Hsin Hsu, Yao Yi Haung, Jyh Hong Chen

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to assess the association between invasive PWV (pulse wave velocity), serum levels of MMPs (matrix metalloproteinases) and the echocardiographic severity and calcification score of degenerative AS (aortic stenosis). We enrolled 30 patients (16 males; age, 61.3 ± 8.2 years) diagnosed with degenerative AS and an additional 30 age- and sex-matched control patients. Invasive PWV methods with a pigtail catheter and double-channel recording were performed in both groups in our catheterization laboratory. We scored the severity of calcification at the AV (aortic valve) during two-dimensional echocardiography. The association between the trans-valvular pressure gradient, the severity of calcification of the AV and the value of PWV were analysed. We also analysed the serum levels of MMP-9, MMP-3 and TIMP-1 (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1) in these patients. In the group with degenerative AS, mean AV pressure gradients (56.0 compared with 9.5 mmHg; P < 0.001) and calcified AV scoring (3.3 ± 1.2 compared with 2.1 ± 0.9; P < 0.001) were higher than in the control group. In addition, PWV was faster in the group with degenerative AS (15.5 ± 3.8 compared with 8.0 ± 2.7 m/s; P = 0.001). After being adjusted for age, sex, mean blood pressure and left ventricular function, both the AV pressure gradient and the severity of calcification were strongly correlated with PWV (R = 0.706, P < 0.0001, and R = 0.561, P = 0.03 respectively). In addition, the serum levels of MMP-9, MMP-3 and TIMP-1 were all significantly higher and correlated with PWV in the group with AS (all P < 0.05). With higher serum levels of MMPs and their inhibitors, we found that this invasive measurement of PWV was associated strongly with the pressure gradient and calcification of AV. More advanced degenerative changes in AV was probably associated with more severe aortic arteriosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-422
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Science
Volume107
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 1

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Pulse Wave Analysis
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Matrix Metalloproteinases
Aortic Valve
Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
Matrix Metalloproteinase 3
Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1
Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
Serum
Arterial Pressure
Pressure
Arteriosclerosis
Calcification of Aortic Valve
Left Ventricular Function
Catheterization
Echocardiography
Catheters
Blood Pressure
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Invasive measurements of pulse wave velocity correlate with the degree of aortic valve calcification and severity associated with matrix metalloproteinases in elderly patients with aortic valve stenosis",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to assess the association between invasive PWV (pulse wave velocity), serum levels of MMPs (matrix metalloproteinases) and the echocardiographic severity and calcification score of degenerative AS (aortic stenosis). We enrolled 30 patients (16 males; age, 61.3 ± 8.2 years) diagnosed with degenerative AS and an additional 30 age- and sex-matched control patients. Invasive PWV methods with a pigtail catheter and double-channel recording were performed in both groups in our catheterization laboratory. We scored the severity of calcification at the AV (aortic valve) during two-dimensional echocardiography. The association between the trans-valvular pressure gradient, the severity of calcification of the AV and the value of PWV were analysed. We also analysed the serum levels of MMP-9, MMP-3 and TIMP-1 (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1) in these patients. In the group with degenerative AS, mean AV pressure gradients (56.0 compared with 9.5 mmHg; P < 0.001) and calcified AV scoring (3.3 ± 1.2 compared with 2.1 ± 0.9; P < 0.001) were higher than in the control group. In addition, PWV was faster in the group with degenerative AS (15.5 ± 3.8 compared with 8.0 ± 2.7 m/s; P = 0.001). After being adjusted for age, sex, mean blood pressure and left ventricular function, both the AV pressure gradient and the severity of calcification were strongly correlated with PWV (R = 0.706, P < 0.0001, and R = 0.561, P = 0.03 respectively). In addition, the serum levels of MMP-9, MMP-3 and TIMP-1 were all significantly higher and correlated with PWV in the group with AS (all P < 0.05). With higher serum levels of MMPs and their inhibitors, we found that this invasive measurement of PWV was associated strongly with the pressure gradient and calcification of AV. More advanced degenerative changes in AV was probably associated with more severe aortic arteriosclerosis.",
author = "Ping-Yen Liu and Wei-Chuan Tsai and Chih-Chan Lin and Chin-Hsin Hsu and Haung, {Yao Yi} and Chen, {Jyh Hong}",
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T1 - Invasive measurements of pulse wave velocity correlate with the degree of aortic valve calcification and severity associated with matrix metalloproteinases in elderly patients with aortic valve stenosis

AU - Liu, Ping-Yen

AU - Tsai, Wei-Chuan

AU - Lin, Chih-Chan

AU - Hsu, Chin-Hsin

AU - Haung, Yao Yi

AU - Chen, Jyh Hong

PY - 2004/10/1

Y1 - 2004/10/1

N2 - The aim of the present study was to assess the association between invasive PWV (pulse wave velocity), serum levels of MMPs (matrix metalloproteinases) and the echocardiographic severity and calcification score of degenerative AS (aortic stenosis). We enrolled 30 patients (16 males; age, 61.3 ± 8.2 years) diagnosed with degenerative AS and an additional 30 age- and sex-matched control patients. Invasive PWV methods with a pigtail catheter and double-channel recording were performed in both groups in our catheterization laboratory. We scored the severity of calcification at the AV (aortic valve) during two-dimensional echocardiography. The association between the trans-valvular pressure gradient, the severity of calcification of the AV and the value of PWV were analysed. We also analysed the serum levels of MMP-9, MMP-3 and TIMP-1 (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1) in these patients. In the group with degenerative AS, mean AV pressure gradients (56.0 compared with 9.5 mmHg; P < 0.001) and calcified AV scoring (3.3 ± 1.2 compared with 2.1 ± 0.9; P < 0.001) were higher than in the control group. In addition, PWV was faster in the group with degenerative AS (15.5 ± 3.8 compared with 8.0 ± 2.7 m/s; P = 0.001). After being adjusted for age, sex, mean blood pressure and left ventricular function, both the AV pressure gradient and the severity of calcification were strongly correlated with PWV (R = 0.706, P < 0.0001, and R = 0.561, P = 0.03 respectively). In addition, the serum levels of MMP-9, MMP-3 and TIMP-1 were all significantly higher and correlated with PWV in the group with AS (all P < 0.05). With higher serum levels of MMPs and their inhibitors, we found that this invasive measurement of PWV was associated strongly with the pressure gradient and calcification of AV. More advanced degenerative changes in AV was probably associated with more severe aortic arteriosclerosis.

AB - The aim of the present study was to assess the association between invasive PWV (pulse wave velocity), serum levels of MMPs (matrix metalloproteinases) and the echocardiographic severity and calcification score of degenerative AS (aortic stenosis). We enrolled 30 patients (16 males; age, 61.3 ± 8.2 years) diagnosed with degenerative AS and an additional 30 age- and sex-matched control patients. Invasive PWV methods with a pigtail catheter and double-channel recording were performed in both groups in our catheterization laboratory. We scored the severity of calcification at the AV (aortic valve) during two-dimensional echocardiography. The association between the trans-valvular pressure gradient, the severity of calcification of the AV and the value of PWV were analysed. We also analysed the serum levels of MMP-9, MMP-3 and TIMP-1 (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1) in these patients. In the group with degenerative AS, mean AV pressure gradients (56.0 compared with 9.5 mmHg; P < 0.001) and calcified AV scoring (3.3 ± 1.2 compared with 2.1 ± 0.9; P < 0.001) were higher than in the control group. In addition, PWV was faster in the group with degenerative AS (15.5 ± 3.8 compared with 8.0 ± 2.7 m/s; P = 0.001). After being adjusted for age, sex, mean blood pressure and left ventricular function, both the AV pressure gradient and the severity of calcification were strongly correlated with PWV (R = 0.706, P < 0.0001, and R = 0.561, P = 0.03 respectively). In addition, the serum levels of MMP-9, MMP-3 and TIMP-1 were all significantly higher and correlated with PWV in the group with AS (all P < 0.05). With higher serum levels of MMPs and their inhibitors, we found that this invasive measurement of PWV was associated strongly with the pressure gradient and calcification of AV. More advanced degenerative changes in AV was probably associated with more severe aortic arteriosclerosis.

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