Investigation of normal and superconducting states in noncentrosymmetric Re24Ti5

C. S. Lue, H. F. Liu, C. N. Kuo, P. S. Shih, J. Y. Lin, Y. K. Kuo, M. W. Chu, T. L. Hung, Y. Y. Chen

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Abstract

We report a detailed characterization of the noncentrosymmetric superconductor Re24Ti5 using powder x-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetic susceptibility, electrical resistivity, thermal conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, and specific heat measurements. Rietveld refinement of powder XRD data confirms that Re24Ti5 crystallizes in the α-Mn structure. All measured quantities demonstrate a bulk superconducting transition at Tc = 5.8 K. Our low-temperature specific heat data measured down to 0.5 K yield a Sommerfeld coefficient γ = 111.8 mJ mol-1 K-2, which implies a high density of states at the Fermi level. Moreover, the electronic specific heat in the superconducting state was found to obey a typical s-wave expression, revealing a single gap Δ/kB = 10.6 K. This value gives a ratio of 2Δ/k BTc = 3.68, higher than the value of 3.5 predicted from BCS theory. On this basis, we conclude that the noncentrosymmetric Re 24Ti5 compound can be characterized as a moderately coupled BCS-type superconductor. Furthermore, the obtained parameters from the present study of Re24Ti5 were compared to those of the isostructural compound Re23.8Nb5.2, indicating the similarity between both systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055011
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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