Investigation of residual stress effects in an alloy reinforced ceramic/metal composite

Shang Nan Chou, Horng Hwa Lu, Ding Fwu Lii, Jow-Lay Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims at investigating the thermal expansion behavior and internal residual strains in metal reinforced ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). A variety of Al2O3/A356 CMCs composites with an interpenetrating network structure and varying metal content, ranging from 10 to 40 vol.%, were produced using the pressure infiltration technique of Squeeze casting. Values of coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) were found to vary significantly with temperature, indicating an influence of the flow characteristics of the metal. Comparisons are made with well known methods for predicting CTEs values of metal/ceramic composites. The overall strain was found to increase with temperature and scaled proportionally with the metal content of the composite. Comparisons were also made with non-infiltrated porous ceramic preforms and a pure metallic sample. The uniform heating and cooling curves for the composite samples were found to exhibit hysterisis. Residual stress analysis and failure simulation were performed based on thermomechanics and the finite element method (FEM). This analysis is often utilized for the analysis of stress distribution or deformation of a structure. High angle X-ray and CTEs mismatch equation analysis were utilized to analyze the residual stresses at the ceramic/metal interface of the Al2O3/A356 composites. The relationship of residual stresses and the contact area of the ceramic/metal interface are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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