PSR J1119-6127 is a radio pulsar that behaved with magnetar-like bursts, and we performed a comprehensive investigation of this pulsar using the archival high-energy observations obtained after its outburst in 2016 July. After the 2016 outburst, specific regions on the neutron star (NS) surface were heated up to >0.3 and >1 keV from ∼0.2 keV. A hard nonthermal spectral component with a photon index <0.5 related to the magnetospheric emission can be resolved from the NuSTAR spectra above 10 keV. We find that the thermal emitting regions did not cool down and gradually shrank by about 20%-35% 4 months after the outburst. Hard X-ray pulsations were detected with NuSTAR immediately after the outburst at a 5σ confidence level and with a background-subtracted pulsed fraction of 40% ±10%. However, the signal became undetectable after a few days. Using Fermi data, we found that the gamma-ray emission in 0.5-300 GeV was suppressed along with the disappearance of the radio pulsations. This is likely caused by a reconfiguration of the magnetic field. We also discovered that the timing noise evolved dramatically, and the spin-down rate significantly increased after the 2016 glitch. We proposed that postoutburst temporal and spectral behaviors from radio to gamma-ray bands were caused by changes of the magnetosphere structure, pair plasma injection, and the shrinking emission sites on the NS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science