Objectives: The purposes of this study were to investigate whether the presence of silane in universal adhesives affects the functions of 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) and adhesion to zirconia. Methods: Two silane-containing universal adhesives (Scotchbond Universal (SBU) and Clearfil Universal-Bond (CUB)) and two silane-free adhesives (All-Bond Universal (ABU) and SE-Bond primer (SE)) were individually applied on zirconia disks. Time-of-flight secondary-ion-mass-spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) examined the distributions of MDP- and silane-related ions, as well as evidence of zirconium phosphate (ZrP) compounds, on the surface and interfacial regions using a depth profiling mode. The hydrophilicity and resin wettability of the treated zirconia were examined using a contact angle test. For the shear bond strength (SBS) test, the zirconia disks were air-blasted, treated with the assigned adhesives, and bonded with pre-cured composite cylinders using a resin cement. These resin-zirconia assemblies received a bond test after 24-h storage. Results: Both SBU and CUB exhibited silane-related ions and ZrO2(OH)-, but fewer PO- ions in the interfacial regions. CUB had more siloxane-related ions. SE-treated zirconia had abundant PO- ions and particularly high PO3-- and ZrP- related ions in the interfacial regions. The silane-free adhesives exhibited a higher affinity to both water and adhesive liquids. SE showed significantly higher SBSs compared to ABU, while SBU and CUB were not statistically different. Significance: The silane content may cause hydroxylation of zirconia and affect MDP adsorption. An acidic pH accelerated the condensation of silanol. The bond performance of the MDP-based adhesive could be influenced by the silane content and other components.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials