IRS-Enhanced Spectrum Sensing and Secure Transmission in Cognitive Radio Networks

Zi Wang, Wei Wu, Fuhui Zhou, Baoyun Wang, Qihui Wu, Tony Q.S. Quek, Chan Byoung Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Spectrum sensing and communication security are of crucial importance in cognitive radio networks (CRNs). In this paper, we utilize intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRS) to simultaneously enhance spectrum sensing accuracy and the secrecy performance of secondary users (SUs) through physical layer security (PLS) techniques. Additionally, we employ IRS as a novel approach to achieve the target probability of detection. We formulate a joint sensing and transmission security optimization problem to maximize the sum secrecy rate of SUs under both perfect and imperfect channel state information (CSI). To transform the probability of detection into a tractable expression, we adopt a safe approximation for the <italic>Q</italic>-function. We use a computationally-efficient block coordinate descent (BCD)-based algorithm to optimize the beamforming design and IRS phase shifts alternately. Specifically, we employ the <italic>S</italic>-procedure to handle the semi-infinite constraints under the imperfect CSI case. Simulation results demonstrate that by leveraging IRS for spectrum sensing, we can significantly reduce the sensing time while achieving the required probability of detection and the probability of false alarm. Furthermore, our proposed scheme improves both sensing accuracy and secrecy rate in both cases compared to the benchmark schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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