Isobolographic Analysis of Epinephrine With Bupivacaine, Dextromethorphan, 3-Methoxymorphinan, or Dextrorphan on Infiltrative Anesthesia in Rats: Dose-Response Studies

Yu Wen Chen, Kuo Sheng Liu, Jhi Joung Wang, Willy Chou, Ching Hsia Hung

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The aims of this study were to establish the potencies of epinephrine, bupivacaine, dextromethorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan, and dextrorphan and evaluate interactions of epinephrine with bupivacaine, dextromethorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan, or dextrorphan as an infiltrative anesthetic. Bupivacaine, a common and long-acting local anesthetic, was used as control. Methods: Dose-dependent responses of epinephrine, dextromethorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan, and dextrorphan on cutaneous analgesia were compared with bupivacaine in rats. The interactions of drugs were evaluated via an isobolographic analysis. Results: We found that epinephrine, bupivacaine, dextromethorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan, and dextrorphan produced a dose-dependent local anesthetic effect as infiltrative cutaneous analgesia. Relative potencies were epinephrine > bupivacaine > dextromethorphan > 3-methoxymorphinan > dextrorphan (P < .01 for each comparison). Coadministration of bupivacaine with epinephrine produced a synergistic effect, and coadministration of dextromethorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan, or dextrorphan with epinephrine produced an additive effect. Conclusions: Epinephrine, dextromethorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan, and dextrorphan are known to have local anesthetic effects as infiltrative cutaneous analgesia in rats. Epinephrine increased the potency of bupivacaine, but not dextromethorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan, or dextrorphan as an infiltrative anesthetic. The cutaneous analgesic effects of adding epinephrine to dextromethorphan, 3-methoxymorphinan, or dextrorphan, are similar to combinations of 2 local anesthetics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalRegional anesthesia and pain medicine
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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