In this review, an overview of itinerant magnets without magnetic elements is presented, beginning with a comparison of the local and itinerant moment pictures, the two extremes of magnetism. Then, the theoretical developments leading up to the self-consistent renormalization theory of spin fluctuations will be discussed, followed by an introduction to quantum criticality and the experimental signatures associated with systems near a quantum critical point. Three itinerant magnets without magnetic elements, ZrZn2, Sc3.1In, and TiAu are the focus of this review, as their empty d shells set them apart in their purely itinerant character, while several enhanced Pauli paramagnets and intermediate moment magnets are also discussed to put the overall comparison into perspective.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics