Objective: To determine whether kidney stone history is associated with adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Kidney stone formers have an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease; however, whether these patients have worse cardiac outcomes is unknown. Materials and Methods: We identified adult patients who underwent first-time PCI in Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) Synthetic Derivative from 2008 to 2016 (n = 11,289) and in a nationwide database of Taiwan (NHIRD) from 2005 to 2012 (n = 155,762). Odds ratios (ORs) of 30-day in-hospital mortality and hazard ratios (HRs) of 1-year and 3-year adverse outcomes associated with kidney stone history were estimated using a propensity score approach. Results: Overall, 294 and 12,286 stone formers undergoing PCI were identified in the VUMC and NHIRD, respectively. After matching, stone formers at VUMC were at higher risks of 30-day in-hospital mortality (OR 2.79, 95% CI 1.15-6.69) and 1-year (HR 1.59, 95% CI 1.13-2.24) and 3-year (HR 1.36, 95% CI 1.02-1.81) myocardial infarction. In the NHIRD, kidney stone history was associated with 1-year (HR 1.12, 95% CI 1.03-1.21) and 3-year (HR 1.14, 95% CI 1.06-1.22) myocardial infarction. In a sensitivity analysis, stone formers undergoing kidney stone surgery were marginally associated with 30-day in-hospital mortality (OR 1.21, 95% CI 0.99-1.48) and were associated with 3-year myocardial infarction (HR 1.13, 95% CI 1.02-1.25). Conclusion: Kidney stone history is associated with poorer cardiac outcomes after PCI. Improving secondary cardiac prevention strategies after PCI may be necessary for patients with a history of kidney stone disease.
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