Integrin activation is essential for the function of all blood cells, including platelets and leukocytes. The blood cell-specific FERM domain protein Kindlin-3 is required for the activation of the β1 and β3 integrins on platelets. Impaired activation of β1, β2 and β3 integrins on platelets and leukocytes is the hallmark of a rare autosomal recessive leukocyte adhesion deficiency syndrome in humans called LAD-III, characterized by severe bleeding and impaired adhesion of leukocytes to inflamed endothelia. Here we show that Kindlin-3 also binds the β2 integrin cytoplasmic domain and is essential for neutrophil binding and spreading on β2 integrin-dependent ligands such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and the complement C3 activation product iC3b. Moreover, loss of Kindlin-3 expression abolished firm adhesion and arrest of neutrophils on activated endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo, whereas selectin-mediated rolling was unaffected. Thus, Kindlin-3 is essential to activate the β1, β2 and β3 integrin classes, and loss of Kindlin-3 function is sufficient to cause a LAD-III-like phenotype in mice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)