A new approach for promoting ferric reduction efficiency using a different electrochemical cell and the photoelectro-Fenton process has been developed to degrade organic toxic contaminants. The use of UVA light and electric current as electron donors can efficiently initiate the Fenton reaction. 2,6-Dimethylaniline (2,6-DMA) was the target compound in this study. Effects of initial pH (pHi), Fe2+ loading, H2O2 concentration and current density were determined to test and to validate a kinetic model for the oxidation of organic compound by the electro-Fenton process. Kinetic results show evidence of pseudo-first-order degradation. When reaction pH was higher than 2, amorphous Fe(OH)3(s) was generated. Increasing ferrous ion concentration from 1.0 to 1.5 mM increased the hydroxyl radicals and then promote the degradation efficiency of 2,6-DMA. The optimal H2O2 concentration for 2,6-DMA degradation in this study was 25 mM. The degradation of 2,6-DMA was increased with the increase of current density from 3.5 to 10.6 A/m2. Oxalic acid was the major detected intermediate of 2,6-DMA degradation. The final TOC removal efficiencies were 10%, 15%, 60% and 84% using the electrolysis, Fenton, electro-Fenton and photoelectro-Fenton processes, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis