Laser cleaning of carbonaceous deposits on combustion engine components

Yingchun Guan, Chih Hsing Liu, Gnian Cher Lim, Minghui Hong, Hongyu Zheng

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

Stubborn carbonaceous deposits on combustion engine components are known to reduce engine durability and performance. The deposits are extremely hard and difficult to remove. Laser cleaning technique may potentially be used to remove these deposits during engine remanufactur-ing but is rarely reported. In the present work, we demon-strated the feasibility of using a nano-second pulse width and high peak power laser with homogenised beam profile at 1064 nm wavelength to completely remove carbon de-posits from steel and aluminium pistons. This one-step pro-cess without use of chemicals or any other additives is en-vironmentally friendly and may be carried out with high efficiency in open air. Surfaces before and after laser clean-ing were examined using FTIR, XPS, and SEM/EDS to identify changes in chemical analysis, morphology as well as microstructure. Cross-sectional examination of the laser cleaned regions was further investigated to reveal any heat affected zone. Some thermal melting and removal of base materials were found to occur but could be minimized with optimized process parameters. Numerical analysis of ther-mal effect involved in laser cleaning was further carried out by finite element analysis (FEA) using ANSYS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages436-442
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event32nd International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics, ICALEO 2013 - Miami, FL, United States
Duration: 2013 Oct 62013 Oct 10

Other

Other32nd International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics, ICALEO 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMiami, FL
Period13-10-0613-10-10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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