Laser-driven magnetized liner inertial fusion on OMEGA

D. H. Barnak, J. R. Davies, R. Betti, M. J. Bonino, E. M. Campbell, V. Yu Glebov, D. R. Harding, J. P. Knauer, S. P. Regan, A. B. Sefkow, A. J. Harvey-Thompson, K. J. Peterson, D. B. Sinars, S. A. Slutz, M. R. Weis, P. Y. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magneto-inertial fusion (MIF) combines the compression of fusion fuel, a hallmark of inertial confinement fusion (ICF), with strongly magnetized plasmas that suppress electron heat losses, a hallmark of magnetic fusion. It can reduce the traditional velocity, pressure, and convergence ratio requirements of ICF. The magnetized liner inertial fusion (MagLIF) concept being studied at the Z Pulsed-Power Facility is a key target concept in the U.S. ICF Program. Laser-driven MagLIF is being developed on OMEGA to test the scaling of MagLIF over a range of absorbed energy of the order of 1 kJ on OMEGA to 500 kJ on Z. It is also valuable as a platform for studying the key physics of MIF. An energy-scaled point design has been developed for OMEGA that is roughly 10 × smaller in linear dimensions than Z MagLIF targets. A 0.6-mm-outer-diameter plastic cylinder filled with 2.4 mg/cm3 of D2 is placed in a ∼10-T axial magnetic field, generated by a Magneto-inertial fusion electrical discharge system, the cylinder is compressed by 40 OMEGA beams, and the gas fill is preheated by a single OMEGA beam propagating along the axis. Preheating to >100 eV and axially uniform compression over 0.7 mm have been demonstrated, separately, in a series of preparatory experiments that meet our initial expectations. The preliminary results from the first integrated experiments combining magnetization, compression, and preheat demonstrating a roughly 2 x increase in the neutron yield will be reported here for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number056310
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

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linings
inertial confinement fusion
lasers
fusion
pressure ratio
plastics
platforms
scaling
neutrons
heat
magnetization
requirements
physics
heating
energy
gases
magnetic fields
electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Barnak, D. H., Davies, J. R., Betti, R., Bonino, M. J., Campbell, E. M., Glebov, V. Y., ... Chang, P. Y. (2017). Laser-driven magnetized liner inertial fusion on OMEGA. Physics of Plasmas, 24(5), [056310]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4982692
Barnak, D. H. ; Davies, J. R. ; Betti, R. ; Bonino, M. J. ; Campbell, E. M. ; Glebov, V. Yu ; Harding, D. R. ; Knauer, J. P. ; Regan, S. P. ; Sefkow, A. B. ; Harvey-Thompson, A. J. ; Peterson, K. J. ; Sinars, D. B. ; Slutz, S. A. ; Weis, M. R. ; Chang, P. Y. / Laser-driven magnetized liner inertial fusion on OMEGA. In: Physics of Plasmas. 2017 ; Vol. 24, No. 5.
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Barnak, DH, Davies, JR, Betti, R, Bonino, MJ, Campbell, EM, Glebov, VY, Harding, DR, Knauer, JP, Regan, SP, Sefkow, AB, Harvey-Thompson, AJ, Peterson, KJ, Sinars, DB, Slutz, SA, Weis, MR & Chang, PY 2017, 'Laser-driven magnetized liner inertial fusion on OMEGA', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 24, no. 5, 056310. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4982692

Laser-driven magnetized liner inertial fusion on OMEGA. / Barnak, D. H.; Davies, J. R.; Betti, R.; Bonino, M. J.; Campbell, E. M.; Glebov, V. Yu; Harding, D. R.; Knauer, J. P.; Regan, S. P.; Sefkow, A. B.; Harvey-Thompson, A. J.; Peterson, K. J.; Sinars, D. B.; Slutz, S. A.; Weis, M. R.; Chang, P. Y.

In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, No. 5, 056310, 01.05.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Laser-driven magnetized liner inertial fusion on OMEGA

AU - Barnak, D. H.

AU - Davies, J. R.

AU - Betti, R.

AU - Bonino, M. J.

AU - Campbell, E. M.

AU - Glebov, V. Yu

AU - Harding, D. R.

AU - Knauer, J. P.

AU - Regan, S. P.

AU - Sefkow, A. B.

AU - Harvey-Thompson, A. J.

AU - Peterson, K. J.

AU - Sinars, D. B.

AU - Slutz, S. A.

AU - Weis, M. R.

AU - Chang, P. Y.

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Magneto-inertial fusion (MIF) combines the compression of fusion fuel, a hallmark of inertial confinement fusion (ICF), with strongly magnetized plasmas that suppress electron heat losses, a hallmark of magnetic fusion. It can reduce the traditional velocity, pressure, and convergence ratio requirements of ICF. The magnetized liner inertial fusion (MagLIF) concept being studied at the Z Pulsed-Power Facility is a key target concept in the U.S. ICF Program. Laser-driven MagLIF is being developed on OMEGA to test the scaling of MagLIF over a range of absorbed energy of the order of 1 kJ on OMEGA to 500 kJ on Z. It is also valuable as a platform for studying the key physics of MIF. An energy-scaled point design has been developed for OMEGA that is roughly 10 × smaller in linear dimensions than Z MagLIF targets. A 0.6-mm-outer-diameter plastic cylinder filled with 2.4 mg/cm3 of D2 is placed in a ∼10-T axial magnetic field, generated by a Magneto-inertial fusion electrical discharge system, the cylinder is compressed by 40 OMEGA beams, and the gas fill is preheated by a single OMEGA beam propagating along the axis. Preheating to >100 eV and axially uniform compression over 0.7 mm have been demonstrated, separately, in a series of preparatory experiments that meet our initial expectations. The preliminary results from the first integrated experiments combining magnetization, compression, and preheat demonstrating a roughly 2 x increase in the neutron yield will be reported here for the first time.

AB - Magneto-inertial fusion (MIF) combines the compression of fusion fuel, a hallmark of inertial confinement fusion (ICF), with strongly magnetized plasmas that suppress electron heat losses, a hallmark of magnetic fusion. It can reduce the traditional velocity, pressure, and convergence ratio requirements of ICF. The magnetized liner inertial fusion (MagLIF) concept being studied at the Z Pulsed-Power Facility is a key target concept in the U.S. ICF Program. Laser-driven MagLIF is being developed on OMEGA to test the scaling of MagLIF over a range of absorbed energy of the order of 1 kJ on OMEGA to 500 kJ on Z. It is also valuable as a platform for studying the key physics of MIF. An energy-scaled point design has been developed for OMEGA that is roughly 10 × smaller in linear dimensions than Z MagLIF targets. A 0.6-mm-outer-diameter plastic cylinder filled with 2.4 mg/cm3 of D2 is placed in a ∼10-T axial magnetic field, generated by a Magneto-inertial fusion electrical discharge system, the cylinder is compressed by 40 OMEGA beams, and the gas fill is preheated by a single OMEGA beam propagating along the axis. Preheating to >100 eV and axially uniform compression over 0.7 mm have been demonstrated, separately, in a series of preparatory experiments that meet our initial expectations. The preliminary results from the first integrated experiments combining magnetization, compression, and preheat demonstrating a roughly 2 x increase in the neutron yield will be reported here for the first time.

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Barnak DH, Davies JR, Betti R, Bonino MJ, Campbell EM, Glebov VY et al. Laser-driven magnetized liner inertial fusion on OMEGA. Physics of Plasmas. 2017 May 1;24(5). 056310. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4982692