Latex allergy can induce clinical reactions to specific foods

D. H. Beezhold, G. L. Sussman, G. M. Liss, N. S. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

238 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to investigate crossreactivity between latex and foods, to identify crossreacting IgE binding proteins, and to assess the clinical significance. Methods. Forty-seven latex allergic patients and 46 non-latex allergic patient controls were studied. Allergen sensitization was determined by skin-prick testing (SPT) and allergenic proteins were identified by immunoblot reactivity and amino acid sequence analysis. Results. Immunological reactivity to foods was found to be common, occurring in 33 latex-allergic individuals but in only seven controls (P < 0.000001); 100 of 376 (27%) food skin-prick tests were positive in the latex-allergic subjects. Twenty-seven out of 100 positive food SPTs were associated with clinical symptoms. Seventeen patients manifested a clinical allergy to at least one food including 11 with anaphylaxis, and 14 with local sensitivity reactions. Positive food skin tests occurred most frequently with avocado (53%), potato (40%), banana (38%), tomato (28%), chestnut (28%), and kiwi (17%). Latex-allergic patients (23%) recognize a protein that had sequence homology to a broad class of plant proteins known as patatins. Crossreactivity between latex and several potato proteins was observed by immunoblot inhibition analysis. Conclusions. Sensitization to latex has extensive crossreactivity with certain foods and leads to clinical allergic reactions. Potatoes and tomatoes are newly reported crossreacting foods. Plant proteins with structural homology to latex proteins may predispose to food allergy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-422
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Experimental Allergy
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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