Soft X-ray Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy is applied to study inplane band dispersions of nickel as a function of probing depth. Photon energies between hv = 190 and 780 eV were used to effectively probe up to ~ 3-7 layers (~ 5-12 ̊). The results show layer-dependent band dispersion of the Δ2↓, minority spin band which crosses the Fermi level in 3 or more layers, in contrast to the known top 1-2 layers dispersion obtained using ultra-violet rays. The layer dependence corresponds to an increased value of exchange splitting and suggests reduced-correlation effects in the bulk compared to the surface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)