Left adrenal aldosteronism coexisting with left paraaortic paraganglioma presenting as bilateral adrenal and left paraaortic tumors– comprehensive adrenal evaluation aiding perfect management: a case report

Yu Chen Hsu, Cheng Han Lee, Chen Yu Chen, Chung Jye Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Coexistence of a catecholamine-secreting tumor and an adrenal cortical tumor is quite rare which makes both diagnosis and management challenging. The purpose of this article is to describe the presence of this condition, share a stepwise approach for preoperative evaluation, and review the related literature. Case presentation: A 44-year-old male patient had a history of hypertension and aggravating hypokalemia for years. Abdominal computed tomography incidentally found concomitant bilateral adrenal and left para-aortic tumors. Comprehensive adrenal hormone tests revealed a high aldosterone renin ratio and mildly elevated 24-h urine vanillylmandelic acid and norepinephrine levels. Subsequently, a metaiodobenzylguanidine scan showed uptake over the left para-aortic tumor, and NP-59 adrenal scintigraphy showed uptake over the left adrenal tumor. Further confirmatory tests, including captopril suppression, irbesartan suppression, and saline infusion, all confirmed the diagnosis of hyperaldosteronism. Adrenal venous sampling following 2 months of preparation with an alpha blocker demonstrated a left aldosterone-producing adrenal adenoma. Combining hormonal analysis, imaging studies, and adrenal venous sampling, the patient was diagnosed with left adrenal aldosteronoma, right adrenal nonfunctional tumor, and left para-aortic paraganglioma (PGL). Accordingly, laparoscopic left adrenalectomy and left PGL excision were performed smoothly under alpha blocker maintenance. The pathology report confirmed left adrenal cortical adenoma and left para-aortic PGL. Postoperatively, the blood pressure, biochemical tests, and adrenal hormone assays returned to normal, and related symptoms disappeared and were relatively stable during the follow-up period of two years. Conclusions: This is the first case of left para-aortic PGL coexisting with an ipsilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma presenting as a left para-aortic tumor associated with bilateral adrenal tumors. Awareness of the rarity of this coexistence can avoid unexpected disasters during the process of evaluation and management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number279
JournalBMC Endocrine Disorders
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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