Based on the Legendre orthogonal polynomial series expansion and the partial wave theory, a Legendre orthogonal polynomial method (LOPM) is proposed to calculate the reflection and transmission coefficients of plane waves at the liquid/solid interface of a liquid-loaded functionally gradient material (FGM) plate. The displacement solutions in FGM plate are fitted approximately by Legendre orthogonal polynomial series. The stresses and the governing differential equations of the FGM plate are derived. Based on the boundary conditions of the liquid/solid interface and the governing differential equations, the linearly independent equations are set up to calculate the reflection and transmission coefficients. Meanwhile, the expansion coefficients of the Legendre orthogonal polynomials are also obtained. The power function establishes the gradient model of the mechanical parameters along the thickness direction. The angular spectrums of reflection and transmission coefficients from LOPM are in well agreement with the calculation results from the transfer matrix method. By analyzing the convergence of the reflection coefficient spectrum, the critical value of the truncated order of Legendre orthogonal polynomials is determined. The mapping relationship between the FGM gradient models and the reflection coefficient angular spectrum, also the frequency spectrums and the displacement/stress distributions can be demonstrated simultaneously, which provides the theoretical fundamentals of the ultrasonic non-destructive testing for the mechanical properties of FGM and extends the application of the LOPM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modelling and Simulation
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Computational Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics