Background/purpose: Legionella pneumophila had been recognized as a pathogen for both healthcare-associated and community-acquired pneumonia. We aimed to evaluate clinical features and outcomes of patients with Legionnaires’ disease at a tertiary medical center in southern Taiwan. Methods: From January 2005 to December 2013, a retrospective study of adult cases of Legionnaires’ disease was conducted in a 1200-bed tertiary hospital. Their medical records were reviewed for further evaluation and analysis. Results: A total of 61 cases of Legionnaires’ disease were identified during the study period. Their mean age was 61.1 years, with male predominance (43, 70.5%). Among them, 30 (49.2%) had healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP), 20 (32.8%) had community-acquired pneumonia, and notably 11 (18.0%) were caregivers. Patients with healthcare-associated pneumonia tend to have higher Charlson comorbidity scores than those with community-acquired pneumonia (3.6 ± 2.4 vs. 1.9 ± 1.9, p = 0.008) and caregivers (0.5 ± 0.5, p < 0.001). Six patients died, resulting in an in-hospital mortality rate of 9.8%. Underlying cancer (66.7% vs. 20.0%, p = 0.028) and a higher Charlson comorbidity score (4.7 ± 2.6 vs. 2.2 ± 2.2, p = 0.013) were related to a fatal outcome. Conclusion: L. pneumophila remains an important pathogen for pneumonia acquired from the community or associated with healthcare facility. Healthy caregivers may potentially be at risk for Legionella infection in certain clinical settings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases