This paper proposes a noninvasive dual optical photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor to classify the degree of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) stenosis in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Dual PPG measurement node (DPMN) becomes the primary tool in this work for detecting abnormal narrowing vessel simultaneously in multi-beds monitoring patients. The mean and variance of Rising Slope (RS) and Falling Slope (FS) values between before and after HD treatment was used as the major features to classify AVF stenosis. Multilayer perceptron neural networks (MLPN) training algorithms are implemented for this analysis, which are the Levenberg-Marquardt, Scaled Conjugate Gradient, and Resilient Back-propagation, to identify the degree of HD patient stenosis. Eleven patients were recruited with mean age of 77 ± 10.8 years for analysis. The experimental results indicated that the variance of RS in the HD hand between before and after treatment was significant difference statistically to stenosis (p < 0.05). Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm (LMA) was significantly outperforms the other training algorithm. The classification accuracy and precision reached 94.82% and 92.22% respectively, thus this technique has a potential contribution to the early identification of stenosis for a medical diagnostic support system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering