Life cycle assessment of yard tractors using hydrogen fuel at the Port of Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Ching Chih Chang, Po Chien Huang, Jhih Sheng Tu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to use LCA to evaluate different fuel usage in yard tractors, which include diesel, electric, LNG, and hydrogen fuel cells. This study refers to ISO regulations to assess the investigation. Empirical results show (1) for the diesel yard tractor, the total carbon emissions is 43,870.60 kgCO2e, and the carbon footprint is 6.40×10−6 kgCO2e/TK. The hotspot is the usage stage (76.83% of the total emissions); (2) for the electric yard tractor, the total carbon emissions is 16,563.63 kgCO2e, and the carbon footprint is 2.42×10−6 kgCO2e/TK. The major emission hotspot is the raw material stage (96.15% of the total emissions); (3) for the LNG yard tractor, the total carbon emissions is 33,560.09 kgCO2e, and the carbon footprint is 4.89×10−6 kgCO2e/TK. The main emissions hotspot is the usage stage (85.04% of the total emissions); (4) for the hydrogen yard tractor, the total carbon emissions is 13,709.87 kgCO2e, and the carbon footprint is 2.00×10−6 kgCO2e/TK. The biggest emission's hotspot is the raw material stage (95.32% of the total emissions). The results demonstrate that the better fuel alternative to use for yard tractors is hydrogen, which has the greatest effect on GHG mitigation, followed by electric and LNG.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116222
JournalEnergy
Volume189
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 15

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Carbon footprint
Hydrogen fuels
Life cycle
Liquefied natural gas
Carbon
Raw materials
Hydrogen
Alternative fuels
Fuel cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Life cycle assessment of yard tractors using hydrogen fuel at the Port of Kaohsiung, Taiwan",
abstract = "The purpose of this study is to use LCA to evaluate different fuel usage in yard tractors, which include diesel, electric, LNG, and hydrogen fuel cells. This study refers to ISO regulations to assess the investigation. Empirical results show (1) for the diesel yard tractor, the total carbon emissions is 43,870.60 kgCO2e, and the carbon footprint is 6.40×10−6 kgCO2e/TK. The hotspot is the usage stage (76.83{\%} of the total emissions); (2) for the electric yard tractor, the total carbon emissions is 16,563.63 kgCO2e, and the carbon footprint is 2.42×10−6 kgCO2e/TK. The major emission hotspot is the raw material stage (96.15{\%} of the total emissions); (3) for the LNG yard tractor, the total carbon emissions is 33,560.09 kgCO2e, and the carbon footprint is 4.89×10−6 kgCO2e/TK. The main emissions hotspot is the usage stage (85.04{\%} of the total emissions); (4) for the hydrogen yard tractor, the total carbon emissions is 13,709.87 kgCO2e, and the carbon footprint is 2.00×10−6 kgCO2e/TK. The biggest emission's hotspot is the raw material stage (95.32{\%} of the total emissions). The results demonstrate that the better fuel alternative to use for yard tractors is hydrogen, which has the greatest effect on GHG mitigation, followed by electric and LNG.",
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Life cycle assessment of yard tractors using hydrogen fuel at the Port of Kaohsiung, Taiwan. / Chang, Ching Chih; Huang, Po Chien; Tu, Jhih Sheng.

In: Energy, Vol. 189, 116222, 15.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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