Life cycle impact assessment of the DRAM chip industry in Taiwan

C. H. Liu, S. J. Lin, C. Lewis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Semiconductor manufacturing has played an important role in the macro-economy of high technology industries in Taiwan. It also has an advantageous position in the global semiconductor industrys value chain. Despite this industrys prominence, environmental concerns include emissions from factories, health effects on workers and high energy and material consumption. The purpose of this study is to analyze the environmental impacts of the semiconductor industry by using life cycle assessment (LCA). The LCA software SimaPro 5.1, including Eco-indicator 99 and EPS2000, was utilized to evaluate the environmental impacts caused by a DRAM manufacturing industry. In addition, results from these two methods were compared. From results of this study we find that the environmental impact was mainly from the photolithography process, followed by the etching, thin film, diffusion and CMP processes. As a whole, the most significant impacts are summer smog, depletion of energy and resources, heavy metals pollution and acidification. Furthermore, the damages from such processes are mainly caused by high energy and resource consumption of the semiconductor industry. Though the results from Eco-indicator 99 and EPS2000 have slightly different impact values in the characterization result, the overall results of these two methods are very consistent in the distribution trends and level of impact endpoints.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy and Sustainability
PublisherWITPress
Pages135-143
Number of pages9
Volume105
ISBN (Print)9781845640828
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event1st International Conference on Energy and Sustainability, ENERGY 2007 - , United Kingdom
Duration: 2007 Jun 202007 Jun 22

Conference

Conference1st International Conference on Energy and Sustainability, ENERGY 2007
CountryUnited Kingdom
Period07-06-2007-06-22

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)

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