A new two-step hydrothermal growth (HTG) process with a shorter processing time and better growth control is proposed for the synthesis of ZnO nanotapers (NTs). The application of HTG ZnO NTs as surface roughening nanostructures to improve the light output power (Lop) of GaN-based LEDs is demonstrated. Compared with that of ZnO nanowires, the use of ZnO NTs leads to an improvement in Lop by 24.5% at 350 mA, which could be attributed to the fact that tapered ends of ZnO NTs offer more constructive photon scattering to maximize light extraction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)