Liquid phase sintering of austenitic stainless steel powders with silicon additions

W. F. Wang, Y. L. Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of additions of silicon powder on the sintering behaviour and microstructure of compacted 304L stainless powder has been studied. The shrinkage ratio increases substantially with silicon content. Silicon profoundly activates the sintering process through the formation of a eutectic and/or δ ferrite, which is pseudoperitectically formed during sintering. The sintering behaviour is closely related to the microstructures, which depend upon the amount of silicon addition. Ostwald ripening is encountered in the liquid phase sintered specimens (Si≤3 wt-%). The solid phase sintered materials (Si≥ wt-%) containing δ ferrite densify more rapidly than the liquid phase sintered ones. The densification kinetics are governed by the wetting characteristics of the eutectic liquid and the formation of ferrite. As a result of the silicon addition, the austenitic stainless steel powder aggregates are sintered into duplex stainless steels with austenite-ferrite structures. PM/0395.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalPowder Metallurgy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1986 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Liquid phase sintering of austenitic stainless steel powders with silicon additions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this