The bulk polymerization of styrene initiated by ε-caprolactam (CL) and n-dodecyl mercaptan (RSH) has been explored. This novel polymerization system shows living characteristics. For example, the molecular weight of the resulting polymers increases with conversion, and the system has the ability to form diblock copolymers and so forth. The polymer chain end contains thiol and lactam structures, which we have investigated with Fourier transform infrared, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR techniques. Electron spin resonance spectra and theoretical calculations by the Hartree-Fock methods have been used to examine the mechanism. The results reveal that the initial polymerization starts from thiol via a chain-transfer reaction, and the propagation proceeds by the insertion of a monomer between the terminal group and the intermediate structure of lactam. Finally, the polymerization kinetics have been examined. The polymerization rate varies linearly with the concentration of CL and RSH, and this confirms the mechanism.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Oct 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Organic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry