One of the most important components in micro-fluidic system is the micro-channel which involves complicated flow and transport process. This study presents micro-scale thermal fluid transport process inside a microchannel with a height of 37 lm. The channel can be heated on the bottom wall and is integrated with arrays of pressure and temperature sensors which can be used to measure and determine the local heat transfer and pressure drop. A more simplified model with modification of Young's Modulus from the experimental test is used to design and fabricate the arrays of pressure sensors. Both the pressure sensors and the channel wall use polymer materials which greatly simplify the fabrication process. In addition, the polymer materials have a very low thermal conductivity which significantly reduces the heat loss from the channel to the ambient that the local heat transfer can be accurately measured. The air flow in the micro-channel can readily become compressible even at a very low Reynolds number condition. Therefore, simultaneous measurement of both the local pressure drop and the temperature on the heated wall is required to determine the local heat transfer. Comparison of the local heat transfer for a compressible air flow in micro-channel is made with the theoretical prediction based on incompressible air flow in large-scale channel. The comparison has clarified many of the conflicting results among different works.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry