Pory(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) possesses many advantages, such as biocompatibility and high oxygen permeability, which makes it an attractive material for fabricating biodevices. Creating an affinity surface with long-term stability and reactivity for biomolecular interactions on a PDMS substrate, however, is difficult due to its inherent hydrophobicity. In this study, an affinity surface on a PDMS substrate with long-term hydrophilicity and affinity reactivity is reported. This modification is composed of two parts. The bottom part is made of polyelectrolyte multilayers and is capable of providing long-term hydrophilic stability. The top part consists of three protein layers, bovine serum albumin (BSA), anti-BSA, and protein G, and offers an affinity surface for antibody binding and, more importantly, provides favorable orientation and minimum nonspecific binding. The chemical modification for the different stages was monitored by atomic force microscopy (AFM), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FT-IR), and contact angle and fluorescence measurements. A long-term PDMS immunodevice (LPID) based on polyelectrolyte multilayers and protein layers was fabricated and applied to the detection of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) protein in mouse serum by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Results show that a linear calibration curve was obtained in the concentration range from 500 to 15.125 pg/mL, and the relative standard deviation was less than 3%. Also, the amount of TGF-β spiked in mouse serum was precisely determined. Results indicate that the modified surface was hydrophilic and reactive to biospecies up to more than 7 days in its dry form. Moreover, the blocking reagent used to reduce nonspecific binding was found to be not necessary for the LPID. Thus, the reported method is expected to hold a great potential for fabricating PDMS-based affinity devices such as protein chips.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry