Background: The long-term renal outcome in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) remains uncertain. We aimed to determine the absolute incidence and relative risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with pSS at the general population level. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study using a national health insurance database in Taiwan from 2000 to 2013. We calculated the cumulative incidence of CKD and ESRD in our pSS and age-, sex- and entry time-matched control cohorts. Cox regression analyses were used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) after adjusting for comorbidities and medications. Results: Among 17 505 patients with incident pSS, 1008 (5.8%) developed CKD and 38 (0.22%) developed ESRD. Of the 87 525 non-pSS controls, 3173 (3.6%) developed CKD and 256 (0.29%) developed ESRD. The risk of CKD was higher in patients with pSS than in the non-pSS controls (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.49, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.38–1.59). Notably, the risk of ESRD was similar in both pSS and non-pSS cohorts (aHR 0.82, 95% CI 0.58–1.16). Conclusions: Renal prognosis among patients with pSS and renal involvement is good. Although the risk of ESRD did not increase in patients with pSS, a significantly increased risk of CKD was observed in these patients, indicating the need for increased vigilance in regular monitoring for renal complications in patients with pSS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy