Longitudinal and transverse Hall resistivities in NaFe1-xCo xAs single crystals with x = 0.022 and 0.0205: Weak pinning and anomalous electrical transport properties

L. M. Wang, Chih Yi Wang, Un Cheong Sou, H. C. Yang, L. J. Chang, Caleb Redding, Yu Song, Pengcheng Dai, Chenglin Zhang

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The in-plane longitudinal and Hall resistivities, ρxx and ρxy, of superconducting NaFe1-xCoxAs (NFCA) single crystals with x = 0.022 and 0.0205 in the mixed state and the normal state were measured to study the electrical transport properties in nearly optimum-doping iron-based superconductors. The resistivities under magnetic fields show thermally activated behavior and a power law magnetic field dependence of activation energy has been obtained. Due to the weak flux pinning, there is no sign reversal of Hall resistivities observed for NFCA with either x = 0.022 or 0.0205. The correlation between longitudinal and Hall resistivities shows that the scaling behavior of |ρxy| ∝ (ρxx)β with the exponent β ≈ 2.0 is in agreement with theoretical predictions for weak-pinning superconductors. Anisotropic upper critical fields and coherence lengths with an anisotropy ratio of γ ≈ 1.63 have been deduced. Furthermore, the normal-state transport properties show that the anomalies of the linear-T resistivity, the T 2-dependent cotangent of the Hall angle, the linear-T-like Hall number, and the magnetoresistance, which can be scaled by the modified Kohler rule, are analogous to those observed on optimally doped high-Tc superconducting cuprates and other pnictides. The longitudinal resistivity can be understood within a widely accepted scenario of the spin density-wave quantum critical point, while the transverse resistivity requires some further explanation. It is suggested that all the transport anomalies should be simultaneously taken into account when developing theory.

Original languageEnglish
Article number395702
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number39
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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