Loss of CC2D1A in Glutamatergic Neurons Results in Autistic-Like Features in Mice

Cheng Yi Yang, Yu Chieh Hung, Kuan Hsiang Cheng, Pin Ling, Kuei Sen Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biallelic loss-of-function mutations in Coiled-coil and C2 domain containing 1A (CC2D1A) cause autosomal recessive intellectual disability, sometimes comorbid with other neurodevelopmental disabilities, such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and seizures. We recently reported that conditional deletion of Cc2d1a in glutamatergic neurons of the postnatal mouse forebrain leads to impaired hippocampal synaptic plasticity and cognitive function. However, the pathogenic origin of the autistic features of CC2D1A deficiency remains elusive. Here, we confirmed that CC2D1A is highly expressed in the cortical zones during embryonic development. Taking advantage of Cre-LoxP-mediated gene deletion strategy, we generated a novel line of Cc2d1a conditional knockout (cKO) mice by crossing floxed Cc2d1a mice with Emx1-Cre mice, in which CC2D1A is ablated specifically in glutamatergic neurons throughout all embryonic and adult stages. We found that CC2D1A deletion leads to a trend toward decreased number of cortical progenitor cells at embryonic day 12.5 and alters the cortical thickness on postnatal day 10. In addition, male Cc2d1a cKO mice display autistic-like phenotypes including self-injurious repetitive grooming and aberrant social interactions. Loss of CC2D1A also results in decreased complexity of apical dendritic arbors of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) layer V pyramidal neurons and increased synaptic excitation/inhibition (E/I) ratio in the mPFC. Notably, chronic treatment with minocycline rescues behavioral and morphological abnormalities, as well as E/I changes, in male Cc2d1a cKO mice. Together, these findings indicate that male Cc2d1a cKO mice recapitulate autistic-like phenotypes of human disorder and suggest that minocycline has both structural and functional benefits in treating ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2021-2039
Number of pages19
JournalNeurotherapeutics
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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