Low-energy charged particle measurement by MAP-PACE onboard SELENE

Yoshifumi Saito, Shoichiro Yokota, Kazushi Asamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Ryota Akiba, Masaki Fujimoto, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Hajime Hayakawa, Masafumi Hirahara, Masahiro Hoshino, Shinobu Machida, Toshifumi Mukai, Tsugunobu Nagai, Tsutomu Nagatsuma, Masato Nakamura, Koh ichiro Oyama, Eiichi Sagawa, Susumu Sasaki, Kanako Seki, Toshio Terasawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


MAP-PACE (MAgnetic field and Plasma experiment-Plasma energy Angle and Compostion Experiment) is one of the scientific instruments onboard the SELENE (SELenological and ENgineering Explorer) satellite. PACE consists of four sensors: ESA (Electron Spectrum Analyzer)-S1, ESA-S2, IMA (Ion Mass Analyzer), and IEA (Ion Energy Analyzer). ESA-S1 and S2 measure the distribution function of low-energy electrons below 15 keV, while IMA and IEA measure the distribution function of low energy ions below 28 keV/q. Each sensor has a hemispherical field of view. Since SELENE is a three-axis stabilized spacecraft, a pair of electron sensors (ESA-S1 and S2) and a pair of ion sensors (IMA and IEA) are necessary for obtaining a three-dimensional distribution function of electrons and ions. The scientific objectives of PACE are (1) to measure the ions sputtered from the lunar surface and the lunar atmosphere, (2) to measure the magnetic anomaly on the lunar surface using two ESAs and a magnetometer onboard SELENE simultaneously as an electron reflectometer, (3) to resolve the Moon-solar wind interaction, (4) to resolve the Moon-Earth's magnetosphere interaction, and (5) to observe the Earth's magnetotail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-385
Number of pages11
JournalEarth, Planets and Space
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science


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