Low energy liquid plasma for direct reduction and formation of rGO-aminopyridine hybrid for electrical and environmental applications

Jaganathan Senthilnathan, Masahiro Yoshimura

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Abstract

The present works demonstrate the formation of reduced graphene oxide (r-GO) and aminopyridine (r-GO-(AmPy)n) hybrid by submerged liquid plasma process. Raman spectra shows the ID/IG ratio of GO, r-GO and r-GO-(AmPy)n are 2.2, 1.91 and 2.0, respectively. The decrease in ID/IG ratio of r-GO clearly indicate the reduction of oxygen functional groups and restoration of sp2 network in r-GO domain. The pyridinic and pyrrolic functional group present in rGO-(AmPy)n hybrids shows a distinct redox peaks in cyclic voltameter at the scan rates of 5, 10 and 25 mV/s. The r-GO-(AmPy)n hybrid displayed an excellent electrochemical performance with a high specific capacitance of 418, 400 and 381 F/g at the current densities of 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 A/g, respectively. Electro chemical generation of H2O2 at the rGO-(AmPy)n surface was evaluated and found to be 0.72 mmol for the fixed reaction time of 60 min. Similarly, conversion of H2O2 to [rad]OH radical with a coated Fe3O4 plate catalyst was found to be 0.15 mmol. A H2O2/[rad]OH radicals generated in the electrochemical cell was used for the degradation of methyl parathion. During the degradation (7.5 mg/L), two intermediates like methylparaoxon, and p-nitrophenol were identified by the Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometer analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-35
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume340
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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