Low-power fifth-order butterworth OTA-C low-pass filter with an impedance scaler for portable ECG applications

Shuenn-Yuh Lee, Cheng Pin Wang, Chuan Yu Sun, Po Hao Cheng, Yuan Sun Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study proposes a multiple-output differential-input operational transconductance amplifier-C (MODI OTA-C) filter with an impedance scaler to detect cardiac activity. A ladder-type fifth-order Butterworth low-pass filter with a large time constant and low noise is implemented to reduce coefficient sensitivity and address signal distortion. Moreover, linearized MODI OTA structures with reduced transconductance and impedance scaler circuits for noise reduction are used to achieve a wide dynamic range (DR). The OTA-based circuit is operated in the subthreshold region at a supply voltage of 1 V to reduce the power consumption of the wearable device in long-term use. Experimental results of the filter with a bandwidth of 250 Hz reveal that DR is 57.6 dB, and the harmonic distortion components are below −59 dB. The power consumption of the filter, which is fabricated through a TSMC 0.18 μm CMOS process, is lower than 390 nW, and the active area is 0.135 mm 2 .

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)942-952
Number of pages11
JournalIEICE Transactions on Electronics
VolumeE101C
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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Low pass filters
Electrocardiography
Electric power utilization
Butterworth filters
Signal distortion
Networks (circuits)
Operational amplifiers
Ladders
Harmonic distortion
Transconductance
Noise abatement
Bandwidth
Electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Lee, Shuenn-Yuh ; Wang, Cheng Pin ; Sun, Chuan Yu ; Cheng, Po Hao ; Chu, Yuan Sun. / Low-power fifth-order butterworth OTA-C low-pass filter with an impedance scaler for portable ECG applications. In: IEICE Transactions on Electronics. 2018 ; Vol. E101C, No. 12. pp. 942-952.
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Low-power fifth-order butterworth OTA-C low-pass filter with an impedance scaler for portable ECG applications. / Lee, Shuenn-Yuh; Wang, Cheng Pin; Sun, Chuan Yu; Cheng, Po Hao; Chu, Yuan Sun.

In: IEICE Transactions on Electronics, Vol. E101C, No. 12, 01.12.2018, p. 942-952.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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