Objectives: Multiple blood parameters are used to determine the prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Mean platelet volume/platelet count (MPV/PC) ratio is related to disease progression in various cancers. Our study tried to evaluate the prognostic value of the MPV/PC ratio in RCC patients who underwent surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 89 patients who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy for RCC in a single institution. Baseline characteristics and MPV/PC ratios were analyzed. The optimal cut-off value of the MPV/PC ratio was determined by a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and our patients were divided into low and high MPV/PC ratio groups. The Kaplan–Meier survival curve and Cox proportional hazards model were applied for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) analyses. Harell’s C-index was used to compare the prognostic values of the MPV/PC ratio, MPV and PC. Results: Lower MPV/PC ratios were correlated with more advanced tumor stages and worse outcomes. The optimal cut-off value of the preoperative MPV/PC ratio was 0.034 (sensitivity 84.6%, specificity 56.6%). The Kaplan–Meier survival curve revealed that low MPV/PC ratios were associated with worse PFS (p = 0.007) and OS (p = 0.017). Multivariate analysis showed that low MPV/PC ratios were an independent unfavorable factor for PFS (p = 0.044) and OS (p = 0.015). Harell’s C-indexes showed that the prognostic value of the MPV/PC ratio was significantly better than MPV and PC (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Low MPV/PC ratios are an independent, unfavorable risk factor for disease progression and overall survival in patients undergoing surgery for RCC.
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