Macrophage migration inhibitory factor induces vascular leakage via autophagy

Hong Ru Chen, Yung Chun Chuang, Chiao Hsuan Chao, Trai Ming Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vascular leakage is an important feature of acute inflammatory shock, which currently has no effective treatment. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that can induce vascular leakage and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of shock. However, the mechanism of MIF-induced vascular leakage is still unclear. In this study, using recombinant MIF (rMIF), we demonstrated that MIF induced disorganization and degradation of junction proteins and increased the permeability of human endothelial cells in vitro. Western blotting analysis showed that rMIF treatment induced LC3 conversion and p62 degradation. Inhibition of autophagy with a PI3K inhibitor (3-MA), a ROS scavenger (NAC) or autophagosomal-lysosomal fusion inhibitors (bafilomycin A1 and chloroquine) rescued rMIF-induced vascular leakage, suggesting that autophagy mediates MIF-induced vascular leakage. The potential involvement of other signaling pathways was also studied using different inhibitors, and the results suggested that MIF-induced vascular leakage may occur through the ERK pathway. In conclusion, we showed that MIF triggered autophagic degradation of endothelial cells, resulting in vascular leakage. Inhibition of MIF-induced autophagy may provide therapeutic targets against vascular leakage in inflammatory shock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-252
Number of pages9
JournalBiology Open
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 15

Fingerprint

Macrophage Migration-Inhibitory Factors
autophagy
Autophagy
blood vessels
Blood Vessels
Endothelial cells
Degradation
Shock
Chloroquine
Corrosion inhibitors
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
Endothelial Cells
Fusion reactions
MAP Kinase Signaling System
Cytokines
endothelial cells
degradation
Proteolysis
Permeability
chloroquine

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Chen, Hong Ru ; Chuang, Yung Chun ; Chao, Chiao Hsuan ; Yeh, Trai Ming. / Macrophage migration inhibitory factor induces vascular leakage via autophagy. In: Biology Open. 2015 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 244-252.
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Macrophage migration inhibitory factor induces vascular leakage via autophagy. / Chen, Hong Ru; Chuang, Yung Chun; Chao, Chiao Hsuan; Yeh, Trai Ming.

In: Biology Open, Vol. 4, No. 2, 15.02.2015, p. 244-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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