Magnetic phase diagrams of multiferroic hexagonal RMnO3 (R = Er, Yb, Tm, and Ho)

F. Yen, C. de la Cruz, B. Lorenz, E. Galstyan, Y. Y. Sun, M. Gospodinov, C. W. Chu

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The magnetic phase diagrams of RMnO3 (R = Er, Yb, Tm, Ho) are investigated up to 14 T via magnetic and dielectric measurements. The stability range of the atomic force microscopy order below the Néel temperature of the studied RMnO3 extends to far higher magnetic fields than previously assumed. Magnetic irreversibility indicating the presence of a spontaneous magnetic moment is found near 50 K for R = Er, Yb, and Tm. At very low temperatures and low magnetic fields, the phase boundary defined by the ordering of the rare-earth moments is resolved. The sizable dielectric anomalies observed along all phase boundaries are evidence for strong spin-lattice coupling in the hexagonal RMnO3. In HoMnO3, the strong magnetoelastic distortions are investigated in more detail via magnetostriction experiments up to 14 T. The results are discussed based on existing data on magnetic symmetries and the interactions among the Mn-spins, the rare-earth moments, and the lattice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2163-2173
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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