Magnetism-induced massive Dirac spectra and topological defects in the surface state of Cr-doped Bi2Se3-bilayer topological insulators

C. C. Chen, M. L. Teague, L. He, X. Kou, M. Lang, W. Fan, N. Woodward, K. L. Wang, N. C. Yeh

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Proximity-induced magnetic effects on the surface Dirac spectra of topological insulators are investigated by scanning tunneling spectroscopic studies of bilayer structures consisting of undoped Bi2Se3 thin films on top of Cr-doped Bi2Se3 layers. For thickness of the top Bi2Se3 layer equal to or smaller than 3 quintuple layers, a spatially inhomogeneous surface spectral gap Δ opens up below a characteristic temperature which is much higher than the bulk Curie temperature determined from the anomalous Hall resistance. The mean value and spatial homogeneity of the gap Δ generally increase with increasing c-axis magnetic field (H) and increasing Cr doping level (x), suggesting that the physical origin of this surface gap is associated with proximity-induced c-axis ferromagnetism. On the other hand, the temperature (T) dependence of Δ is non-monotonic, showing initial increase below which is followed by a 'dip' and then rises again, reaching maximum at T Lt; These phenomena may be attributed to proximity magnetism induced by two types of contributions with different temperature dependences: a three-dimensional contribution from the bulk magnetism that dominates at low T, and a two-dimensional contribution associated with the RKKY interactions mediated by surface Dirac fermions, which dominates at Lt;

Original languageEnglish
Article number113042
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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