This paper proposes a circuit model for the transient period of inrush current in a transformer. The magnetizing inrush model is developed from the structural parameters of the transformer. In the analysis of the magnetization curve, the relationship between the magnetic flux density and magnetic field intensity differs from the ordinary B-H curve; this paper interchanges the B and the H and characterizes the B-H of the magnetic core as a simple tangent function in the H-B planes. Furthermore, the concept of inrush equivalent inductance  is also used in the magnetizing inrush model. Using the magnetizing inrush model, an inrush current value can be estimated before the transformer is manufactured. Moreover, in the future, this model can provide the power system with a more thorough transient analysis. During this research, the inrush currents are simulated using the circuit model from ICAP/4. Fourteen actual transformers, each with a different winding structure, are used for demonstration. Experiments and simulations are carried out to examine the proposed method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering