Magnitude-frequency distributions of boundary shear stress along a rapidly eroding bedrock river

J. R. Barbour, C. P. Stark, C. W. Lin, H. Chen, M. J. Horng, C. P. Ko, T. C. Yi, T. T. Tsai, W. S. Chang, S. P. Lee, C. Huang

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The magnitude-frequency distribution of boundary shear stress frames erosion rates in bedrock rivers, but empirical constraints are rare, particularly for extreme floods. Here we present measurements of mean stress Tb and its frequency distribution along a fast-eroding river in Taiwan. We construct rating functions of discharge and hydraulic geometry using high-resolution satellite images of flood patterns, river stage time-series, topographic profiles, and post-flood field surveys. The method allows us to assess the spatiotemporal variation in 77, along the channel. The boundary shear stress PDF p(rb) has a steep power-law tail, and includes semiannual floods generating rb < 100-200 Pa and 50-year, 3000 m3 s'1 events driving rb 300 Pa: All such floods contribute to modification of the coarse alluvial cover and erosion of the bedrock bed. Given the steep tail decay inp(Tb), the rapid channel incision probably owes more to the exceptional frequency of moderate shear stresses than to the magnitude of the extremes. Citation: Barbour, J. R., et al. (2009), Magnitude-frequency distributions of boundary shear stress along a rapidly eroding bedrock river, Geophys. Res. Lett, 36, L04401, doi:10.1029/2008GL035786.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL04401
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 28

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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