Nocturnal enuresis causes significant psychological distress to affected children and their family and requires appropriate management. A 12-member expert committee of pediatric urologists and pediatric nephrologists in Taiwan with extensive experience in treating enuresis was established to develop consensus statements and a recommended treatment algorithm for the management of patients with nocturnal enuresis in Taiwan after careful consideration of current evidence, existing guidelines, and expert opinion as well as local practice and culture. The finalized consensus statements were reviewed by and have received endorsement from the Taiwan Urological Association and the Taiwan Pediatric Association. Patients with suspected enuresis should undergo a thorough initial assessment to fully evaluate urinary signs and symptoms and to rule out underlying causes of diurnal and nocturnal incontinence. Behavioral therapy is recommended throughout the course of management. Desmopressin in the fast-melting formulation is the recommended first-line pharmacological treatment. Combination therapy may be effective in patients who have failed first-line treatment. These consensus statements and a recommended treatment algorithm were created by the expert committee to provide practical support for clinical decision making by physicians in Taiwan.
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