This study evaluates the effect of alveolar bone grafting on the maxillofacial growth in children of mixed dentition with unilateral complete cleft lip-cleft palate. Twenty patients received an iliac crest alveolar bone graft between the ages of 6 years 10 months and 10 years 10 months, whereas 20 matched controls between the ages of 6 years 11 months and 10 years 6 months did not. Geometric morphometric assessments were used to localize alterations between the initial and final cephalographs in the two groups of cleft children, using Procrustes analysis and thin-plate spline analysis, in addition to conventional cephalometric techniques. It is concluded that no statistically significant difference in maxillofacial growth was found between the cleft children having received secondary alveolar bone grafting and the nongraft controls in general during the first to third postoperative years. Further investigation will be undertaken to determine the long-term effects after the age of skeletal maturity.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Mar 1|
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