Mechanical properties of filler-asphalt mastics

Min Chih Liao, Gordon Airey, Jian Shiuh Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There has been an increasing awareness of the addition of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) rather than limestone filler into asphalt pavements in Taiwan. Filler interpaticle interaction and physicochemical interaction between cement filler particle and asphalt improved engineering properties of asphalt mixtures. Current Superpave parameters of G*/sinδ and G*sinδ were used to link the rheological properties of asphalt binders to the pavement performance of rutting and fatigue. However, the characteristics of asphalt binders were determined in the linear viscoelastic domain by performing frequency sweeps. The asphalt binder film might perform in the non-linear range due to the considerable difference between the stiffness modulus of aggregates and the modulus of binders. In addition, the filler-asphalt interaction might not be reflected by means of the Superpave parameters. Mechanical properties of stiffness, deformation and fatigue for filler-asphalt mastics may be more appropriate in terms of establishing a correlation with asphalt pavement performance. Oscillatory and creep tests using a dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) were performed to quantify the mechanical properties of cement and limestone filler-asphalt mastics at the same levels of filler contents by weight. The test results showed that the higher complex modulus and stiffening effect of the cement filler-asphalt mastics than those of the limestone filler-asphalt mastics within a linear viscoelastic domain. In terms of creep behavior, the addition of cement filler to base bitumen increases the viscosity at a steady state. The longer fatigue lives for the cement filler-asphalt mastics indicated the addition of active filler may provide a better pavement durability

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)576-581
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Research and Technology
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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