Mechanism and behavior of bitumen strength reinforcement using fibers

Jian Shiuh Chen, Kuei Y.I. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

143 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the reinforcement mechanism of bitumen mixed with fibers. Fibers including cellulose, rock wool and polyester types were added to bitumen. The viscosity, toughness and tenacity, microscopy and Theological tests were conducted to characterize the engineering properties of bitumen-fiber mastics. Test results indicate that the reinforcing effect increases with increasing fibers up to a critical fraction. With higher mixing temperatures, there is a higher viscosity ratio of mastic to bitumen. The tensile strength of bitumen-fiber mastics also increases with increasing fiber concentrations because the fibers carry parts of tensile loads. With the increasing tensile strength, it is implied that there is a good adhesion between bitumen and fibers. Scanning electron micrographs show that fibers reinforce bitumen through a three dimensional structure. However, there is a critical fiber fraction when fibers start to interact with each other, resulting in lower toughness. The optimum fiber content is dependent on fiber type, length and diameter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-95
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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