Aims The effects of metabolic syndrome on the prostate blood perfusion and histological structure were studied using fructose-fed rats (FR). Methods Age-matched male Wistar rats were divided into two groups: group I, normal control rats and group II, 9-week FR. Animal body weight, blood pressure, and serum metabolic parameters were monitored. With the rats under anesthesia, prostatic blood flow volume and flow velocity were measured by laser Doppler flowmetry. The prostate was then removed for histological examination and morphometric study. Results The 9-week FR showed significant increases in body weight, blood pressure, plasma glucose, insulin, and triglyceride levels. The blood flow volume (345.8±20.57ml/min/100g vs. 440.4±35.57ml/min/ 100g of tissue, P<0.05 for n=8) and flow rate (29.4±1.25units vs. 40.9±2.65units, P<0.05 for n=8) in the FR ventral prostate were significantly decreased when compared to controls. Structurally, the FR prostate weight was significantly higher than that of the controls (612.4±16.9mg vs. 427.3±6.5mg, P<0.05 for n=8). Prostate histology showed glandular hyperplasia while morphometry showed increased stromal component in the FR. Conclusions Metabolic syndrome in the FR decreases prostatic perfusion and induces prostatic glandular hyperplasia. The findings suggest that chronic ischemia may be a link between metabolic syndrome and prostatic enlargement.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology