Metabonomics analysis of microalga Scenedesmus obliquus under ciprofloxacin stress

Yue Wang, Weihao Ning, Shengnan Li, Changfei Gao, Rong Cui, Wanqian Guo, Jo Shu Chang, Shih Hsin Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The wide use of antibiotics in aquaculture has triggered global ecological security issue. Microalgal bioremediation is a promising strategy for antibiotics elimination due to carbon recovery, detoxification and various ecological advantages. However, a lack of understanding with respect to the corresponding regulation mechanism towards antibiotic stress may limit its practical applicability. The microalga Scenedesmus obliquus was shown to be capable of effectively eliminating ciprofloxacin (CIP), which is a common antibiotic used in aquaculture. However, the corresponding transcriptional alterations require further investigation and verification at the metabolomic level. Thus, this study uncovered the metabolomic profiles and detailed toxic and defense mechanisms towards CIP in S. obliquus using untargeted metabolomics. The enhanced oligosaccharide/polyol/lipid transport, up-regulation of carbohydrate and arachidonic acid metabolic pathways and increased energy production via EMP metabolism were observed as defense mechanisms of microalgal cells to xenobiotic CIP. The toxic metabolic responses included: (1) down-regulation of parts of mineral and organic transporters; (2) electrons competition between antibiotic and NAD during intracellular CIP degradation; and (3) suppressed expression of the hem gene in chlorophyll biosynthesis. This study describes the metabolic profile of microalgae during CIP elimination and reveals the key pathways from the perspective of metabolism, thereby providing information on the precise regulation of antibiotic bioremediation via microalgae.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116974
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume237
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Nov 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • General Environmental Science

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